Basic Thai Vocabulary and Useful Thai Phrases

Thai Language Tones

Learn Basic Thai and Useful Thai Phrases.
Study up with these useful chats and videos to help you with the pronunciation of the Thai tones.

Index

 Days of the Week  – Months  –

Thai Numbers    Personal Pronouns –        

Useful Words & Phrases (General) – 

Restaurant & Food Phrases  – Health-Related Phrases - Page2 Basic Thai Vocabulary A-Z


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Days of the Week

To help you get a jump on understanding Thais speaking and to practice the tonality of the sounds I am adding a little teaching tool… videos! Listen and mimic the sounds you hear.

Mondaywan jan
Tuesdaywan ang-khaan
Wednesdaywan poot
Thursdaywan pa-rue-hat
Fridaywan sook
Saturdaywan sao
Sundaywan aatit
daywan (speak "one")
todaywan nee
tomorrowproong nee
weekaatit
monthduean
yearbpee

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Months

Januarymokkara-khom
Februarykoompa-pan
Marchmeena-khom
Aprilmaysa-yon
Maypruetsapa-khom
Junemitoona-yon
Julykarakadaa-khom
Augustsinghaa-khom
Septemberkanyaa-yon
Octoberdtulaa-khom
Novemberpruetsajeegaa-yon
Decembertanwaa-khom

Thai Numbers

1nueng
2so:ng
3saam
4see
5haa
6hok
7jed
8baed
9kao
10sip
11sip-et (!)
12sip-so:ng
13sip-saam
20yee-sip (!)
21yee-sip-et
22yee-sip-so:ng
30saam-sip
31saam-sip-et
40see-sip
50haa-sip

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Large Thai Numbers

100(nueng) roi
101(nueng) roi-et
102 .(nueng) roi-so:ng
200so:ng roi
300 ...saam roi
1000nueng pan (= pun)
2000 ...so:ng pan
10000nueng mue:n
20,000 ...so:ng mue:n
100000nueng saen
200,000 ...so:ng saen
1000000nueng laan
2,000,000 ...so:ng laan

Thai Numbers
Please note that:
11 = sip-et, not sip-nueng,
20 = yee-sip, not so:ng-sip!
21 = yee-sip-et, not so:ng-sip-nueng.
Accordingly:
21 = yee-sip-et and 101 = roi-et!


Thai Pronouns

Singular
Ipom (male)
chan (female)
youkhun, tur
he/ shekhao
itman (speak "mun")
Plural
werao
theypuak khao

Depending on the “level” of speech (slang, standard, polite, very polite), different sets of personal pronouns are in use. The ones listed on the left are recommended to use for foreign speakers.
Reflexive pronouns or other pronouns (e.g. “me”, “yourself”, “him/her”) do not exist in Thai language.
In “polite speech,” the particles khrab (for male speakers) and kha (female speakers) can be added to any sentence.

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Useful Words and Phrases

Hello, Good morning ...sawat-dee khrab (male speakers)
sawat-dee kha (female speakers)
How are you?(khun) sabai dee mai?
I am fine.sabai dee khrab/kha
Thank youkhorb khun khrab/kha
Excuse me, Sorrykhor to:hd khrab/kha
My name is ...pom (chan) chue ...
What is your name?khun chue arai?
How old are you?khun aa-yoo taorai?
I'm ... years oldpom (chan) aa-yoo ... bpee
Do you speak English?khun pood paa-saa ang-krit bpen mai?
I do not speak Thaipom (chan) pood paa-saa tai mai bpen (dai)
Do you understand?(khun) khao jai mai (khrab/kha)?
I don't understandpom (chan) mai khao jai
I don't know(pom) mai roo (khrab/kha)
Never mind; No problemmai bpen rai
I don't wantmai ao (khrab/kha)
I don't like ...mai chorb
What time is it?kee mo:hng?
Where do you come from?khun maa jaak nai?
I come from ...pom (chan) maa jaak ...
Where is ...?... yoo (tee) nai?
Where is the toilet?ho:ng naam yoo nai (khrab/kha)
When ...?mue-arai ...?
I love you.pom (chan) rak khun
darling, honey, sweethearttee rak
How much?(rakhaa) taorai?
Can you give me a discount?lot dai mai (khrab/kha)?
Expensive, too expensivepaeng, paeng koe:n pai
Check the bill, pleasechek bin; keb dtang duai (khrak/kha)
hotelro:hng raem
air-con roomho:ng air
fan roomho:ng pat lom

Restaurant and Food Phrases

I'm hungrypom (chan) hiu khao
to eatkin khao
to drinkdue:m
restaurantraan aahaan, ho:ng aahaan
Thai foodaahaan tai
Western foodaahaan farang
seafoodaahaan talay
breakfastaahaan chao
I want, I would like ...khor ...
drinking waternaam due:m, naam bplao
ice(cubes)naam khaeng
beerbia
One (more) ... beer, pleasekhor bia ... (eek) nueng khuat
(red, white) winewai: (daeng, khao)
coffee (hot)ka-fae ro:n
ice coffeeka-fae yen
tea (hot)chaa ro:n
ice teachaa yen
sugarnaam dtaan
milknom
orange juice, pineapple juicenaam som, naam sappa-rot
menurai kaan aahaan; me-noo
rice (normal)khao (suai)
fried ricekhao pad
rice soupkhao dtom
rice noodleskluay dtiao
egg noodlesbaa-mee
french fries, chipsfaen fai
potatoesman farang (speak "mun fallang")
vegetablespak
fruitspon-la-mai
breadkhanom bpang
butternoey
jam, marmaladeyaem
beefnuea, nuea wua
pork(nuea) moo
chicken(nuea) kai
fishbplaa
prawn, shrimpkoong
squidbplaa muek
crabbpoo
egg(s)khai
fried eggkhai dao
saltkluea
pepperprik tai
platejaan
glasskaew
spoonchorn
forkso:m
knifemeed
chopsticksdta-kiab
toothpickmai jim fan
spicypet
not spicy (please)(khor) mai pet
deliciousaroi (dee)
Check the bill, pleasechek bin; keb dtang duai (khrab/kha)

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accidentu-ba-ti-he:t
Help!chuay duai!
painbpuat, jeb (temporary)
sick, illbpuay, mai sabai
to have a coldbpen wat
to have feverbpen khai
stomach achebpuat to:ng
headachebpuat hua
toothachebpuat fan (speak "fun")
sore throatjeb khor
pharmacyraan khai yaa
hospitalro:hng payabaan
doctormor
to see a doctorbpai haa mor
dentistmor fan
medicine, drugsyaa
tablets, pillsyaa me:t
to take medicinekin yaa
injectioncheet yaa
insurancebpra-kan

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